Overview of fungi



Cell tye: Eukaryotic



Body type: Fungi is both single-celled and multi-celled. What I mean by that is that fungi is broken down into groups. For example, yeast is single-celled and the bodies of multicellular fungi are made of long strands which is called hyphae(multi-celled).



Cell wall: Fungi cell walls are mostly made of carboydrates chitin, unlike plants which are mostly made of cellulose. Chitin is also found in exoskeleton in insects.



Nutrition: Heterotrophic which means that organisms obtains its energy and nutrients by consuming other organism.


Fungi can be helpful!

Some fungi can be use as medicine human illnesses. For example, penicillin is an important medical drug.
Fungi can break down complex chemicals into simple sugars.Therefore, Fungi can be used for sponges and mops.
Fungi can be use for ingredeints to help make food such as soy sauce and mushrooms.
Fungi can be used to control Colorado potato beetles.


Four groups of fungi
Primitive Fungi: The smallest and simplest group of fungi. They are mostly aquatic, and their spores have flagella, which helped propel them through the water.

Sac Fungi: Yeast, certain molds such as Penicillium, and morels and truffles are fungi.The sac fungi are a diverse group, but they have one key trait in common.

Beard molds: The beard molds range from the molds you see on spoiled foods to fungi used to ferment certain foods such as soy sauce. Most members of this phylum get food by decomposing

Club Fungi: The Club fungi get their name because their fruiting bodies are club-shaped. This pylums includes mushrooms, puffballs, and bracket.



Three diseases from fungi
Yeast infection- The most common yeast infection symptoms are itching and rashes appearing around the infected area. In the yeast infection affected area there will be a burning feeling which will be a painful one all the time unless you do some treatment.


Blastomyces dermatidis-The disease starts in the lungs when spores are inhealed , and then spreads to other organs. Some symptoms include Fevers, Coughs, Cough with bloods, Shortness of breaths, Muscle aches, Bone pains, and Back pain.

ringworm- Most infections cause a rash that may be peeling, cracking, scaling, itching, red, or have bumps on the edges that look like blisters.


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Chytridiomycota-(Cytrids)Oldest and simplest fungi, usually aquatic
Ascomycota-(Sac fungi)Reproducewith spores formed in an ascus.
Zygomycota-(Bread mold)Obtain food by decomposing dead or decaying matter.
Basidiomycota-(Club fungi)Multicellular with club-shaped fruiting bodies.